Ketonuria occurs when the level of ketones in the urine is high. This condition is also called Ketones in Urine and acetonuria. Ketones or ketone bodies are acids. Your body makes ketones when fats and proteins are burned for energy. This is a normal process. However, it can become overwhelmed by some medical conditions and other causes. In this article, you will learn how to lower blood sugar fast.
What are the causes of Ketones in Urine?
What are ketones in urine? Ketonuria is a sign that your body primarily uses fats and protein for fuel. This is called ketosis. This is a normal process if you are fasting or on a low-carb ketogenic diet. The ketogenic diet is generally not a health hazard if it is carried out in a balanced manner.
Low Insulin Ketosis Levels
Most of the energy your body uses comes from sugar or glucose. This usually comes from the carbohydrates you eat or stored sugars. Insulin is a vital hormone that transports sugar to every cell, including your muscles, heart, and brain.
People with diabetes may not have enough insulin or be unable to use it correctly. Without insulin, your body cannot efficiently deliver sugar to cells or store it for fuel. He must find another source of energy. Body fats and proteins are broken down into energy, resulting in ketones.
When to a good deal of keto build up in your bloodstream, a condition called ketoacidosis or diabetic ketoacidosis can occur. It is a life-threatening condition that makes your blood acidic and can harm your organs. Ketonuria usually occurs with ketoacidosis. As the level of ketones in the blood rises, the kidneys try to get rid of them in the urine.
If you have diabetes and ketonuria, you most likely also have high blood sugar or hyperglycemia. Without enough insulin, your body cannot properly metabolize sugar from digested foods that lower blood sugar instantly.
Other Rreasons Ketonuria
You can develop ketonuria even if you don’t have diabetes or are following a strict keto diet. Other reasons include:
- Drinking excess alcohol
- excessive vomiting
- illness or infection
- acute cardiovascular disease
- emotional or physical trauma
- medications such as corticosteroids and diuretics
- drug use
What Are the Urine Ketones?
Ketonuria can be a sign of or lead to ketoacidosis. The higher your ketone level, the more severe your symptoms and the more dangerous it can become. Depending on the severity, signs and symptoms may include:
- fruity breath
- dry mouth
- nausea or vomiting
- frequent urination
- confusion or difficulty focusing
Your doctor may find similar signs of keto:
- High blood sugar
- significant dehydration
- electrolyte imbalance
In addition, there may be signs of diseases such as sepsis, pneumonia, and urinary tract infections that can lead to high ketone levels.
How to Lower Blood Sugar and Ketonuria Diagnosed?
Ketonuria is usually diagnosed with an urinalysis. Your doctor will also look at your symptoms and medical history.
Common tests for ketones in urine and blood include:
- Finger keto blood test
- urine strip test
- breath test with acetone
You can also take other tests and scans to find the cause:
- blood electrolytes
- complete blood count
- chest x-ray
- CT scan
- blood tests for infections
- blood glucose test
- drug test
The American Diabetes Association advises testing your ketone levels if you have diabetes, especially if your blood sugar is above 240 milligrams per deciliter. You can test for ketones with a simple urine test strip.
Some home blood glucose meters also measure blood ketones. To do this, you need to prick your finger and apply a drop of blood to the test strip. Home tests may not be as accurate as a urine or blood test at a doctor’s office. Buy keto and machine test strips you can use at home
Ketosis Levels Test Ranges
Regular ketone testing is very important if you have diabetes. Your urine test strip will change color. Each color corresponds to a range of ketone levels on the graph. If your keto levels are above normal, your blood glucose should be checked. Take action if necessary.